Consistent with the emphasis on the realization of human rights for all Ethiopians in the vision, mission, aims and operational strategies of APAP, the program structure derives from identification of the causes and obstacles for non-realization of rights. Based on the relationships defined in the international human rights framework, these causes and obstacles have been identified as relating to: the capacity of rights-holders to claim their rights; the capacity of duty-bearers to discharge their human rights obligations; and, the framework for the implementation of human rights.
To address these multi-level problems, the strategic planning process has identified three programs:
- LEGAL EMPOWERMENT PROGRAM
- ACCOUNTABILITY & CAPACITY STRENGTHENING PROGRAM
- FOCUSED ADVOCACY PROGRAM.
These programs are respectively designed to addressing causes and obstacles for non-realization of rights from these three perspectives/levels: building the capacity of rights holders to claim their rights; building the capacity of duty bearers to discharge their obligations; and, advocacy to bring about changes in laws, policies, practices and structures.
Legal Empowerment Programs
The empowerment program aims at sensitizing, mobilizing, and strengthening capacities of the poor and other disadvantaged groups, and grassroots CSOs with the ultimate objective of ensuring their participation in the promotion and protection of human rights at the levels of their operation.
In this regard, the next three year program shall have the following four specific objectives:
- Improving the accessibility of legal and human rights information at the community level;
- Enhancing the capacity and commitment of CBOs and social groupings of the poor at the community level for the promotion of human rights and provision of legal services for the benefit of the poor and the disadvantaged;
- Increasing the commitment and engagement of the poor and their CBOs and social groupings to claim human rights and voice their claims and concerns in important decision-making processes affecting their lives; and
- Improving networking and alliance and hence horizontal learning among CBOs and social groupings of the poor who are engaged in legal empowerment initiatives.
Focused Advocacy Program
The Focused Advocacy Program is designed to tackle problems of structural nature in the socio-economic, policy and legal environment for the realization of human rights of the poor and the disadvantaged.
The Focused Advocacy Program of APAP has the following specific objectives:
- Bringing about changes in the socio-economic and policy environment as well as in the prevalent practices and structures contributing for the realization of human rights,
- Improving the application of human rights standards and norms through effective translation of same in policies and laws as well as in practice,
- Documenting and publishing focused-advocacy experiences of APAP and its partners, and
- Building up the experience of APAP and others in conducting broad-based and networked advocacy to bring about changes having wider impact on the realization of human rights.
Accountability and Capacity strengthening Program
APAP defines its accountability and capacity-strengthening program as a range of actions and interactions to be initiated and maintained with government structures and other duty bearers in a comprehensive manner so that they are better informed and able to discharge their obligations for the realization of human rights of the poor and other disadvantaged social groups.
Under the Accountability and Capacity Strengthening Program, APAP would pursue the following objectives:
- Improving the awareness, commitment and accountability of legal and moral duty bearers regarding international and national level human rights standards and corresponding obligations;
- Developing the capacity of legal duty bearers in monitoring and reporting on the status of rights as well as building their capacity to engage in human rights education;
- Enhancing the engagement of local level CSOs/ NGOs in undertaking human rights promotion and protection activities as well as in adopting the Rights-Based Approach; and
- Improving the engagement of local level CSOs/ NGOs in carrying out focused advocacy initiatives.